The dot point aerobic and anaerobic training connects with the HSC PDHPE syllabus where you will examine the various methods of training for both the anaerobic and the aerobic types of training. Here in the Preliminary PDHPE course, the focus is on the FITT principle, rather than the principles of training or the physiological adaptations that occur as a result of the training.
Aerobic training is training that focuses on developing the cardiorespiratory endurance of the athlete and uses predominantly the aerobic energy system. The word aerobic means “with oxygen” and focuses on developing the athlete’s ability to absorb, transport, and use oxygen for energy production.
Anaerobic training, however, is multifaceted and varies enormously depending on the focus of the session. Anaerobic means “without oxygen” and uses predominantly the anaerobic energy systems (Lactic Acid and Alactacid energy systems). Anaerobic training can focus on strength, power, speed, lactate removal, muscular endurance, and much more.
The learn to particularly focuses you on being able to write aerobic training sessions using the FITT principle and to compare the two types of training and how important they are for specific sporting examples. The second learn to is much more important, as it links clearly with the learn to in Factors Affecting Performance and Improving Performance int he HSC. The key is to identify how long the sport goes for, how long athlete’s spend above and below 85% MHR and the importance of these higher intensity times. So for example, how important is the 6 seconds when the striker is sprinting for the through ball trying to beat the full-back in order to get a clear shot away on goal?
The Preliminary PDHPE syllabus states:
Students learn about
- aerobic and anaerobic training
- FITT principle
Students learn to:
- design an aerobic training session based on the FITT principle
- compare the relative importance of aerobic and anaerobic training for different sports, eg gymnastics versus soccer
Practice Exam Questions
How does the FITT principle apply to aerobic or anaerobic training? 4 marks
Compare and contrast aerobic and anaerobic training. 6 marks
Discuss the use of aerobic and anaerobic training for two sports of your choice. 8 marks