When planning a training year it is important to use periodisation in order to structure the year well and ensure the athlete peaks in performance at the right time. Periodisation is the process of breaking the year down into smaller time periods in order to structure the training program effectively.
Periodisation has three main subphases: the macrocycle, mesocycle and microcycle, which combine together to create the year-long training year. The training year will often have the three (3) phases of competition, which are used to guide the focus of the training program. The three (3) phases are: pre-season, in-season and off-season.
Furthermore, the development of a year-long training program will utilise the concepts of peaking and tapering to help ensure the athlete is performing their best when it is required. In addition to this, each sport will have its own specific subphase focusing on the relevant components of fitness.
The HSC PDHPE syllabus states:
Students learn about:
- planning a training year (periodisation)
Students learn to:
- develop and justify a periodisation chart of the fitness and skill-specific requirements of a particular sport.
Past HSC PDHPE exam questions
2011 Question 30
(a) (ii) Explain why periodisation would be included when planning a training year. 5 Marks
2014 Question 32
(b) Justify how each of the periodisation phases is used when planning a training year. 12 Marks