The learning environment affects the acquisition of the skill. The learning environment is not so much the natural environment in which the skill is learnt, but refers to the variables around skill acquisition, many of which can be managed or adapted by the coach to ensure the skill is acquired quickly and to a high degree.
The learning environment refers to the nature of the skill and whether it is an open or closed skill, gross or fine skill, discrete, serial or continuous skill and if it is self-paced or externally paced. The nature of the skill affects how the skill should be taught and which practice method is best suited to the skill.
The performance elements will also influence skill acquisition and are part of the environment in which skills are learnt. These performance elements are essentially skills themselves, but are more skills of the mind than of the physical sense. Finally, the nature of feedback, including the speed at which it is given is part of this learning environment.
Students learn about:
- The learning environment
- nature of the skill (open, closed, gross, fine, discrete, serial, continuous, self-paced, externally paced)
- the performance elements (decision-making, strategic and tactical development)
- practice method (massed, distributed, whole, part)
- feedback (internal, external, concurrent, delayed, knowledge of results, knowledge of performance)
Students learn to:
- Design a suitable plan for teaching beginners to acquire a skill through to mastery. The plan should reflect:
- appropriate practice methods for the learners
- the integration of relevant performance elements
- an awareness of how instruction may vary according to characteristics of the learner
- how feedback will be used as learners progress through the stages of skill acquisition
Past HSC PDHPE exam questions
2015 Question 28
Why is it important for an athlete to develop the elements of performance? 8 Marks