Examine the relationship between physiological adaptations and improved performance resulting from anaerobic training comes from HSC PDHPE syllabus under Factors Affecting Performance, How does training affect performance? – Physiological adaptations. The Learn to asks you to examine the relationship between the principles of training, physiological adaptations and improved performance.
The information below goes some way to helping you examine the relationship between physiological adaptations and improved performance resulting from anaerobic training, but you will need to add the principles of training and a whole lot of examples if you would like to use it as a sample answer or an assessment task.
Outline adaptations that occur as a result of anaerobic training.
The adaptations that occur as a result of anaerobic training are all at the muscular level. There is an increase in anaerobic enzymes, and increase in ATP and CP stores, there is an increased tolerance for lactic acid and an increased ability to remove and deal with waste products (increased blood supply through increased capillary density).
Explain how these adaptations lead to improved performance.
The increase in anaerobic enzymes allow for faster production of ATP using the lactic acid system. The increase in ATP and CP stores means the alactacid system lasts longer before the lactic acid system is utilised. This is advantageous because it delays fatigue due to waste products. The increased tolerance for lactic acid and the increased ability to remove lactic acid and convert lactate to lactose and neutralise the hydrogen ion means the anaerobic energy systems can be used for longer periods and at higher intensities before fatigue sets in. The overall result is the athlete can maintain higher intensities for longer. The athlete will also recover faster during less intense periods allowing the anaerobic system to be used again more efficiently in a shorter period of time.