As you learn about the Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework it is important to understand the philosophy behind it as well as its historical significance. The Ottawa Charter for health promotion is the most widely used health promotion framework and was developed after the World Health Organisation held an international conference on health promotion in 1986. It is the first of its type to consider all the determinants of health and not just see health as the absence of disease.
The Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework as a dot point requires you to learn about the five action areas of the framework: Developing personal skills Promotion, Creating supportive environments, Strengthening community action, Reorienting health services, and Building healthy public policy. However, the learn to for “The Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework” requires you to also know the historical significance of the framework.
You are also required to be able to explain (relate cause and effect) how this framework has contributed to successful health promotion initiatives in Australia and NSW, with the examples of reducing road injuries and tobacco use suggested.
It is pivotal that you develop a very deep understanding of the Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework, because it will come up again in HSC PDHPE (see here)
The Preliminary PDHPE syllabus states:
Students learn about:
- The Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework
Students learn to:
- explain how health promotion based on the action areas of the Ottawa Charter have contributed to positive health outcomes. For example:
- reduction in road injuries
- reduction in tobacco use
Describe the significance of the Ottawa Charter health promotion framework. 4 marks
How has the Ottawa Charter health promotion framework been used to achieve better health for Australia. Provide examples. 6 marks
Outline the Ottawa Charter health promotion framework. 3 marks
Explain the Ottawa Charter as an effective health promotion framework, siting examples. 6 marks